Action for healthy waterways: Our proposals, your views

New Zealanders want to swim, fish, gather mahinga kai and enjoy freshwater as our parents and grandparents did. We also need clean water to drink and irrigation to support a sustainable economy.

But our water is suffering as a result of urban development, agriculture, horticulture, forestry and other human activities. There is also a lack of robust regulation, monitoring and enforcement.

The Government proposed new requirements to:

  • strengthen Te Mana o Te Wai as the framework for freshwater management
  • better provide for ecosystem health (water, fish and plant life)
  • better protect wetlands and estuaries
  • better manage stormwater and wastewater, and protect sources of drinking water
  • control high-risk farming activities and limit agricultural intensification
  • improve farm management practices. 

The consultation closed on 31 October 2019. 

The Government has announced its decisions

The Government is introducing new rules and regulations to restore and protect the health of New Zealand's waterways.

Find out about the decisions

What you told us

An Independent Advisory Panel provided Ministers with a report on the consultation submissions, including recommendations. Ministers considered this report before deciding whether or not to proceed with the policy proposals or make changes.

Essential Freshwater Report of the Freshwater Independent Advisory Panel

Summary of submissions

The Ministry received more than 17,000 submissions on this discussion document.

The Summary of submissions: Action for healthy waterways outlines the main themes of these submissions. 

Submissions from organisations, councils, industry sector representatives and iwi

Constraints due to the COVID-19 pandemic have meant that at this time we are unable to publish all individual submissions made on the proposals in the Action plan for healthy waterways consultation document. We intend to publish the submissions progressively. 

Submissions from most organisations, councils, industry sector representatives and iwi are provided below.

Spreadsheet of the responses to the proposals [Excel 3.3 MB].


0872 Foundation for Arable Research PDF,91 kB
1002 Selwyn District Council PDF,303 kB
1007 MF Peacock Ltd PDF,32.0 kB
1014 KapAg Ltd PDF,28.7 kB
1015 St Bathans Area Community Association PDF,36.3 kB
1015A St Bathans Water Testing Results PDF,112 kB
1015B St Bathans Water Testing Results JPG,3.5 MB
1015C St Bathans Water Testing Results JPG,1.6 MB
1016 Marlborough Vintners PDF,27.7 kB
1018 Tapuaeharuru Marae Committee PDF,28.5 kB
1020 Te Tahuna Trust PDF,27.0 kB
1027 G&V Vineyard Estate Ltd PDF,27.5 kB
1033 Aviation NZ PDF,37.3 kB
1033A Aviation NZ PDF,128 kB
1066 The Guardians of Paku Bay Association PDF,36.8 kB
1067 Te Ahumairangi Ecological Restoration PDF,43.2 kB
1067A Te Ahumairangi Ecological Restoration JPG,167 kB
11 Maunga Taniwha ki Rangaunu Trust PDF,32.2 kB
1103 Jard New Energy Ltd PDF,34.2 kB
1103A Jard New Energy Ltd JPG,3.3 MB
1119 West Otago Land Management Group PDF,45.7 kB
1119A West Otago Land Management Group PDF,98.4 kB
1119B West Otago Land Management Group JPG,179 kB
1128 River-Estuary Care Waikouaiti-Karitane PDF,39.0 kB
1128A River - Estuary Care Waikouaiti Karitane PDF,317 kB
1131 Tirohia Trust PDF,41.5 kB
1151 Tuatapere and Districts Promotions Inc PDF,30.3 kB
1170 Riverton Community Charitable Trust PDF,29.6 kB
1191 New Zealand Hydrological Society PDF,33.1 kB
1191A New Zealand Hydrological Society PDF,295 kB
1193 Rural Directiond Advisory Services PDF,37.1 kB
1195 Aoraki Development PDF,27.0 kB
1195A Aoraki Development PDF,195 kB
1196 Orari River Protection Group PDF,42.1 kB
1198 Te Runanga o Ngati Kuia Trust PDF,29.7 kB
1220 Nelson Trout Fishing Club PDF,30.0 kB
1240 Mangakotukutuku Stream Care Group Inc PDF,42.0 kB
1240A i-Spring 'Puna Improvement Idea Pitch PDF,597 kB
1264 Future Rivers Trust PDF,33.5 kB
1275 Freshwater Leaders Group PDF,306 kB
1277 New Zealand Fish Passage Advisory Group PDF,341 kB
1278 Te Kaahui o Rauru PDF,338 kB
1279 Dairy Womens Network PDF,163 kB
1280 Waingongoro Catchment Group PDF,787 kB
1281 Tasman District Council PDF,1.5 MB
1319 Greater Wellington Regional Council PDF,1.2 MB
1321 GNS Science PDF,813 kB
1332 Mackenzie Guardians Inc PDF,119 kB
1343 Weranui Redwoods Trust PDF,11.9 kB
1373 RDA Consulting PDF,685 kB
1420 Tonkin and Taylor Ltd PDF,34.1 kB
1421 Wellington Water on behalf of the Hutt City Council PDF,84.0 kB
1421A Wellington Water on behalf of the Hutt City Council PDF,701 kB
1422 Friends of Awa Matakanakana Catchment Inc PDF,68.3 kB
1422A Friends of Awa Matakanakana Catchment PDF,880 kB
1435 New Zealand Pork Industry Board PDF,59.7 kB
1435A New Zealand Pork Industry Board PDF,156 kB
1439 Greenpeace Form Submission PDF,76.1 kB
1440 DairyNZ PDF,112 kB
1441 Fish & Game PDF,77.6 kB
1442 Forest & Bird PDF,70.5 kB
1443 Wellington Fish & Game PDF,103 kB
1444 Fish & Game PDF,87.4 kB
1445 Beef & Lamb NZ PDF,251 kB
1446 Horticulture NZ PDF,319 kB
1447 Greenpeace PDF,386 kB
1448 Water New Zealand PDF,105 kB
1448A Water New Zealand PDF,230 kB
1448B Atkins Holm Majurey PDF,178 kB
1449 King Country River Care Inc PDF,53.5 kB
1458 Lakes Water Quality Society Inc PDF,41.3 kB
1464 Lowe Corporation Limited PDF,27.3 kB
1464A Lowe Corporation Limited PDF,218 kB
1472 South Island Eel Industry Association Inc PDF,52.3 kB
1472A South Island Eel Industry Association Inc PDF,879 kB
1485 Upper Harbour Ecology Network PDF,39.3 kB
149 Whitianga & Coromandel Peninsula Commercial FIshermen's Association PDF,32.0 kB
1498 Precise Water Services PDF,26.5 kB
1499 Otago Regional Council PDF,324 kB
1499A Otago Regional Council PDF,293 kB
1501 Water Information Network Incorporated PDF,568 kB
1501A Water Information Network Incorporated PDF,4.3 MB
1502 National Animal Welfare Advisory Committee PDF,275 kB
1503 North Otago Irrigation Company PDF,145 kB
1504 Manuherikia Irrigation Co-operative Society Ltd PDF,266 kB
1505 Mauri Protection Agency PDF,274 kB
1506 World Animal Protection PDF,169 kB
1508 Te Rūnanga Whakauka o Kahurangi ki Kaikōura Nelson Marlborough Conservation Board PDF,182 kB
1509 Central South Island Fish and Game PDF,234 kB
1511 Tāmaki Estuary Environmental Forum PDF,234 kB
1512 ONZM PDF,1.7 MB
1513 Waiau Working Party PDF,4.8 MB
1514 Te Taiao Hawke’s Bay Environment Forum PDF,501 kB
1516 Otago Water Users Group Manuherikia PDF,794 kB
1517 Forest and Bird Youth Christchurch PDF,138 kB
1518 Association of Rural Veterinary Practices Inc PDF,557 kB
1520 Hokonui Rūnanga PDF,444 kB
1522 Te Maru o Kaituna River Authority PDF,32.4 kB
1522A Te Maru o Kaituna River Authority PDF,380 kB
1523 South Canterbury Chamber of Commerce PDF,152 kB
1524 Tauranga Branch of the Royal Forest and Bird Protection Society (Inc) PDF,416 kB
1525 Canterbury Mayoral Forum PDF,203 kB
1526 New Zealand Thoroughbred Racing PDF,354 kB
1529 Mid-Aparima Catchment Group PDF,390 kB
1531 Taranaki Whanganui Conservation Board PDF,4.3 MB
1532 Manawatū District Council PDF,189 kB
1533 Living Land Consultants PDF,171 kB
1538 New Zealand Coal Carbon PDF,143 kB
1557 Timon Trusts Partnerships PDF,24.8 kB
156 New Zealand Nurses Organisation PDF,309 kB
1569 Aspect Archery Ltd PDF,39.3 kB
1570 Wairaurahiri Jet PDF,27.0 kB
1571 Cartkay Enterprises Ltd PDF,25.3 kB
1576 Central Hawkes Bay Branch of Royal Forest and Bird Protection Society PDF,34.6 kB
1588 Kaipara District Council PDF,27.7 kB
1588A Kaipara District Council PDF,751 kB
1625 Dairy Goat Cooperative NZ Ltd PDF,27.5 kB
1625A Dairy Goat Cooperative NZ Ltd PDF,724 kB
1643 H and T Agronomics PDF,28.6 kB
1653 Maraetara Land Company Ltd PDF,30.2 kB
1682 PGG Wrightson Ltd PDF,42.5 kB
1683 Masterton District Council PDF,46.9 kB
1686 Drinkable Rivers PDF,49.6 kB
1696 Carbon Neutral NZ Trust PDF,40.5 kB
1696A Carbon Neutral NZ Trust PDF,924 kB
1700 Te Runanga o Ngati Mutunga PDF,60.2 kB
1708 BakerAg Ltd PDF,68.0 kB
1708A BakerAg Ltd PDF,586 kB
1718 OLW National Science Challenge PDF,50.0 kB
1726 Matamata-Piako District Council PDF,28.8 kB
1734 Stormwater360 PDF,38.6 kB
1742 Franklin Vets Farm Client Focus Group PDF,40.3 kB
1745 Te Kahui o Taranaki Trust PDF,50.9 kB
175 Waiotahe Water Care Group PDF,38.5 kB
1758 Auckland Council PDF,34.6 kB
1758A Auckland Council PDF,126 kB
1758B Auckland Council PDF,1.1 MB
1761 Ardgour Pipeline Ltd PDF,36.3 kB
1765 Venture Taranaki PDF,33.5 kB
1765A Venture Taranaki PDF,260 kB
1771 New Zealand Dairy Goats Limited PDF,28.3 kB
1776 Waimate District Council PDF,28.0 kB
1776A Waimate District Council PDF,303 kB
1779 Rangitaiki River Forum PDF,29.7 kB
1779A Rangitaiki River Forum PDF,1.2 MB
178 Waikanae ki Uta ki Tai PDF,42.9 kB
1785 Rural Women New Zealand PDF,38.1 kB
1787 Institute of Environmental Science and Research PDF,105 kB
1791 Auckland Zoo PDF,27.4 kB
1791A Auckland Zoo PDF,561 kB
1798 Community Waitakere PDF,41.2 kB
1803 Opoutere Ratepayers and Residents Assoc Inc PDF,33.9 kB
1820 Patuharakeke te Iwi Trust Board PDF,42.8 kB
1821 4Sight Consulting PDF,32.3 kB
1821A 4Sight Consulting PDF,234 kB
1826 Transpower New Zealand Limited PDF,37.2 kB
1826A Transpower New Zealand Limited PDF,815 kB
1830 CommunityVoice.NZ PDF,27.5 kB
1835 Foodstuffs South Island Ltd PDF,30.8 kB
1841 BioAgriNomics Ltd PDF,47.2 kB
1844 BioAgriNomics Ltd PDF,47.7 kB
1849 Steps PDF,26.4 kB
1849A Steps PDF,1.4 MB
1852 Otorohanga District Board Inc PDF,26.7 kB
1852A Otorohanga District Development Board Inc PDF,6.5 MB
1853 Ellesmere Sustainable Agriculture Inc PDF,288 kB
1853A Ellesmere Sustainable Agriculture Inc PDF,1.8 MB
1853B Ellesmere Sustainable Agriculture Inc PDF,546 kB
1853C Ellesmere Sustainable Agriculture Inc PDF,538 kB
1853D Ellesmere Sustainable Agriculture Inc PDF,1008 kB
1856 Waitakere Ranges Protective Society Inc PDF,189 kB
1857 Primeport Timaru PDF,364 kB
1858 NZ College of Public Health Medicine PDF,275 kB
1859 Te Waiora - Nelson Marlborough Health PDF,308 kB
1860 NZ Trainer's Association PDF,421 kB
1862 West Coast Tai Poutini Conservation Board PDF,127 kB
1865 BusinessNZ PDF,374 kB
1867 New Zealand Wine PDF,691 kB
1868 Upper Moawhango River Catchment Group PDF,134 kB
1869 Water Safety NZ PDF,593 kB
1871 The Soil and health Association & Physicians and Scientists for Global Responsibility NZ Charitable Trust PDF,2.0 MB
1872 Hurunui District Council PDF,1.5 MB
1875 New Plymouth District Council PDF,66.0 kB
1875A New Plymouth District Council PDF,1.1 MB
1878 Upper Hutt City Council PDF,70.6 kB
1879 Biochar Network New Zealand PDF,31.8 kB
1880 Vegetables NZ Inc - Process Vegetables NZ PDF,619 kB
1886 Fish & Game NZ PDF,1.0 MB
1897 Road Transport Forum PDF,27.9 kB
1897A Road Transport Forum NZ Inc PDF,149 kB
1905 Southern DHB PDF,54.1 kB
1911 Aquifer Locations Ltd PDF,25.4 kB
1918 Kapiti Coast District Council PDF,58.1 kB
1918A Kapiti Coast District Council PDF,756 kB
1919 Auckland Waikato Fish and Game PDF,37.5 kB
1919A Auckland Waikato Fish and Game PDF,517 kB
1920 Living Waters Bay of Islands PDF,36.4 kB
1938 Transpower New Zealand Limited PDF,37.1 kB
1938A Transpower New Zealand Limited PDF,982 kB
1941 National Environmental Monitoring Standards project PDF,29.4 kB
1944 Allied Concrete Ltd and AML Ltd PDF,29.5 kB
1944A Allied Concrete Ltd PDF,1.9 MB
1955 Nga Pae o te Maramatanga New Zealand Maori Centre of Research Excellence PDF,34.4 kB
1955A Nga Pae o te Maramatanga New Zealand Maori Centre of Research Excellence PDF,389 kB
1985 DJScott Associates Ltd PDF,27.6 kB
1985A DJScott Associates Ltd PDF,135 kB
1987 Greening the Red Zone PDF,27.9 kB
1987A Greening the Red Zone PDF,435 kB
2004 Tomorrow's Forests Ltd PDF,29.9 kB
2016 Aqualinc Research Limited PDF,37.4 kB
2036 Manu Waiata Restoration & Protection Society PDF,28.6 kB
2045 Te Wai Maori Trust PDF,29.8 kB
2051 CTC Cleaning This Country PDF,24.4 kB
2053 Tawanui Estate Ltd PDF,29.6 kB
2056 Manu Waiata Restoration & Protection Society Ltd PDF,28.8 kB
2059 National Wetland Trust of New Zealand PDF,60.4 kB
2059A National Wetland Trust of New Zealand PDF,231 kB
2072 Muaupoko Cooperative Society PDF,34.0 kB
2075 Response Trust PDF,34.9 kB
2075A Response Trust PDF,402 kB
2083 Manu Waiata Restoration & Protection Society Ltd PDF,31.6 kB
2083A Manu Waiata Restoration & Protection Society Ltd PDF,113 kB
2083B Manu Waiata Restoration & Protection Society Ltd JPG,646 kB
2083C Manu Waiata Restoration & Protection Society Ltd PDF,412 kB
2087 Water New Zealand PDF,231 kB
2087A Water New Zealand PDF,178 kB
2088 Westpower PDF,474 kB
2088A Westpower PDF,561 kB
2088B Westpower PDF,632 kB
2089 Trust Power PDF,396 kB
2089A Trust Power PDF,3.9 MB
2090 Horizons Regional Council PDF,71.7 kB
2090A Horizon Regional Council PDF,96.1 kB
2091 Western Bay of Plenty District Council PDF,1.7 MB
2092 New Zealand Farm Forestry Association Inc PDF,76.4 kB
2095 Ngati Kearoa Ngati Tuara PDF,132 kB
2096 Federated Farmers West Coast PDF,228 kB
2097 Te Maru o Ngati Rangiwewehi Chair PDF,559 kB
2098 AgFirst PDF,414 kB
2099 NZ Deer Farmers Association PDF,1.4 MB
2100 Cawthron Institute PDF,406 kB
2101 NZ Wind Energy Association PDF,310 kB
2102 Federated Farmers Gisbourne Wairoa Branch PDF,133 kB
2103 King Country Energy Ltd PDF,427 kB
2104 Federated Farmers Bay of Plenty PDF,513 kB
2105 Central Hawke's Bay District Council PDF,254 kB
2106 New Zealand Steel PDF,6.4 MB
2107 Kiwirail PDF,529 kB
2108 Nelson City Council PDF,310 kB
2109 Kyeburn Catchment Ltd PDF,137 kB
2110 Hurunui District Landcare Group Inc PDF,961 kB
2111 Ballance Agri-Nutrients Ltd PDF,2.3 MB
2112 Sustainable Helicropping Group PDF,534 kB
2113 University of Auckland PDF,347 kB
2115 Te Arawa Primary Sector Group PDF,903 kB
2116 Thames Coromandel District Council PDF,461 kB
2117 Waiau Rivercare Group Inc PDF,1.9 MB
2118 Queen Elizabeth the Second National Trust PDF,624 kB
2120 Meat Industry Association of New Zealand PDF,383 kB
2121 Genesis Energy Ltd PDF,367 kB
2123 Waikato Tainui PDF,261 kB
2124 Canterbury Aoraki Conservation Board PDF,184 kB
2126 NZ Forest Research Institute Ltd trading as Scion PDF,960 kB
2128 Federated Farmers of New Zealand PDF,2.4 MB
2129 Maungakiekie Tamaki Local Board PDF,490 kB
2131 Royal Forest & Bird Protection Society of New Zealand PDF,775 kB
2133 Ngai Tu Ahuriri Runanga PDF,86.9 kB
2134 Ngati Haua Iwi Trust PDF,309 kB
2136 Ngai Tamawera Hapu PDF,433 kB
2139 Te Kahui Wai Maori PDF,454 kB
2140 Grey Power New Zealand Federation Inc PDF,370 kB
2143 ANZ Bank New Zealand Ltd PDF,498 kB
2144 CNI Iwi Land Management Ltd PDF,361 kB
2145 Dunedin City Council PDF,384 kB
2146 Hamilton City Council PDF,281 kB
2147 Environment Southland PDF,926 kB
2148 Manaaki Whenua Landcare Research PDF,359 kB
2149 Irrigation New Zealand PDF,1.1 MB
2150 New Zealand Institute of Primary Industry Management PDF,740 kB
2151 New Zealand Conservation Authority PDF,3.2 MB
2153 Ngati Tama Ki Te Waipounamu Trust PDF,201 kB
2154 Watercare Services Ltd PDF,374 kB
2155 Tourism Industry Aotearoa PDF,214 kB
2158 Ngati Te Rangiunuora PDF,1.8 MB
2160 Te Hunga Roia Maori o Aotearoa PDF,245 kB
2161 Public Health Association of New Zealand PDF,327 kB
2162 Waikato River Authority PDF,3.6 MB
2163 Primary Land Users Group PDF,375 kB
2166 Te Runanga o Ngati Awa PDF,690 kB
2167 Resource Management Law Association of New Zealand PDF,409 kB
2168 New Zealand Freshwater Sciences Society PDF,496 kB
2169 Northland Regional Council PDF,3.0 MB
2170 Waikato Regional Council PDF,4.1 MB
2171 Contact Energy PDF,402 kB
2173 NIWA PDF,861 kB
2174 Hawkes Bay Regional Council, Hastings District Council & Napier City Council PDF,1.0 MB
2175 Hawkes Bay Regional Council PDF,1011 kB
2179 Taranaki Regional Council PDF,2.3 MB
2179A Taranaki Regional Council PDF,4.1 MB
2180 Horticulture New Zealand PDF,2.0 MB
2180A Horticulture New Zealand PDF,4.8 MB
2183 Dairy NZ PDF,2.9 MB
2183A Dairy NZ PDF,839 kB
2183B Dairy NZ PDF,1.3 MB
2183C Dairy NZ PDF,4.7 MB
2188 Rotorua Te Arawa Lakes Strategy Group PDF,391 kB
2189 Forest Owners Association PDF,1.4 MB
2190 Te Tuma Paeroa PDF,298 kB
2190A Te Tuma Paeroa PDF,4.9 MB
2191 Environment Institute of Australia and New Zealand PDF,259 kB
2192 Federated Farmers of New Zealand PDF,244 kB
2193 Awhea Opouawe Catchment Scheme Committee PDF,182 kB
2193A Awhea Opouawe Catchment Scheme Committee PDF,4.7 MB
2194 Ashburton Vets Ltd PDF,29.0 kB
2196 Aotearoa Water Action PDF,221 kB
2197 Avon Otakaro Network PDF,200 kB
2198 AquaK PDF,160 kB
2199 Agribusiness Consultants Ltd PDF,194 kB
2201 Ashburton District Council PDF,618 kB
2202 Ashburton Lyndhurst Irrigation Limited PDF,1.6 MB
2203 Amuri Irrigation Company Limited PDF,577 kB
2204 Alliance Group Ltd PDF,367 kB
2207 ANZCO Foods PDF,2.8 MB
221 The Vegan Society Aotearoa New Zealand PDF,32.9 kB
221A Society for Conservation Biology PDF,765 kB
2224 Chartered Accountants Aus + Nz PDF,201 kB
2244 Cleanswim Auckland PDF,632 kB
2227 DB Breweries Ltd PDF,219 kB
2228 Bay of Plenty Advisory Committee PDF,787 kB
2229 ExportNZ PDF,301 kB
2232 Dairy Holdings Ltd PDF,423 kB
2233 East Otago Catchment Group PDF,242 kB
2234 Canterbury District Health Board PDF,194 kB
2235 Deer Industry New Zealand PDF,466 kB
2236 Bathurst Resources Ltd and BT Mining Ltd PDF,292 kB
2237 Ecologic Foundation PDF,263 kB
2238 Canterbury Merino Association Inc PDF,67.6 kB
2240 Carbon Neutral New Zealand PDF,159 kB
2241 Development West Coast PDF,159 kB
224 New Zealand Federation of Freshwater Anglers PDF,53.1 kB
2242 Cardrona Water Users, Otago PDF,207 kB
2245 Genetic Technologies Ltd PDF,125 kB
2246 CRVAmbreed PDF,92.6 kB
2247 Canoe Shalom BOP Incorporated PDF,108 kB
2248 Dairy Creek Limited Partnership PDF,142 kB
2249 Future Proof PDF,227 kB
224A New Zealand Federation of Freshwater Anglers PDF,651 kB
224B NZFFA Central Canterbury Nitrate Testing NO3-N PDF,418 kB
2250 Friends of Oakley Creek Te Auaunga Inc PDF,137 kB
2252 Foodstuffs South Island Limited PDF,203 kB
2253 Friends of the Hutt River PDF,727 kB
2254 Fisheries Inshore New Zealand PDF,221 kB
2256 Friends of Golden Bay Inc PDF,1.1 MB
2257 Far North District Council PDF,237 kB
2258 Farmer for Positive Change (F4PC) PDF,4.7 MB
2259 Gisborne District Council PDF,318 kB
2259A Gisborne District Council PDF,516 kB
2260 The Gore District Council PDF,465 kB
2260A The Gore District Council PDF,612 kB
2262 Hakataramea Sustainability Collective PDF,173 kB
2263 Greenstreet Irrigation Society Limited PDF,836 kB
2267 Ida Valley Irrigation Company Limited PDF,85.6 kB
2269 New Zealand Human Rights Commission PDF,1.1 MB
2270 Hauhungaroa 1c Incorporation PDF,914 kB
2271 Independent Electricity Generators Association PDF,376 kB
2273 Hawke's Bay District Health Board PDF,512 kB
2277 Hurunui District Landcare Group Inc PDF,960 kB
2279 Kiwifruit Industry Water Strategy Leadership Group PDF,215 kB
2279A Zespri Grower Manual PDF,158 kB
2279B Zespri Grower Manual PDF,105 kB
2279C Zespri Grower Manual PDF,85.2 kB
2281 Hauraki District Council PDF,348 kB
2282 Kapaunui School PDF,3.3 MB
2283 Nga Wairiki Ngati Apa PDF,8.2 MB
2284 Local Government New Zealand PDF,567 kB
2284A Local Government New Zealand PDF,3.7 MB
2284B Local Government New Zealand PDF,2.5 MB
2285 FarmRight Ltd PDF,167 kB
2286 Lauriston Farm Improvement Club Inc PDF,208 kB
2288 Major Electricity User's Group PDF,139 kB
229 The Gama Foundation PDF,26.9 kB
2290 Lauriston School Board of Trustees PDF,145 kB
2292 McCain foods Limited PDF,38.3 kB
2293 Mangatu Blocks Inc PDF,319 kB
2294 MG Marketing PDF,203 kB
2295 Lower Mataura River Catchment Group PDF,125 kB
2297 Marlborough District Council PDF,1.2 MB
2298 Mercury NZ Limited PDF,390 kB
2298A Mercury New Zealand Ltd PDF,1.1 MB
2298B Mercury NZ Ltd PDF,1.9 MB
2299 MHV Water Ltd PDF,591 kB
2299A MHV Water Ltd PDF,562 kB
2299B MHV Water Ltd PDF,689 kB
2299C MHV Water Ltd PDF,495 kB
2300 Awhina Management Group PDF,204 kB
2300A Awhina Management Group PDF,308 kB
2301 Miro Ltd Partnership PDF,324 kB
2301A Horticulture New Zealand & Miro Ltd Partnership PDF,1.2 MB
2301B Horticulture New Zealand & Miro Ltd Partnership PDF,1.8 MB
2302 Nelson Kayakers PDF,48.3 kB
2306 Ngati Tamaoho PDF,486 kB
2307 New Zealand Law Society PDF,198 kB
2309 Morphum Environmental Ltd PDF,519 kB
2310 New Zealand Defence Force PDF,270 kB
2311 New Zealand Professional Fishing Guides Association PDF,347 kB
2312 North Canterbury Fish and Game PDF,266 kB
2313 New Zealand Thoroughbred Breeders Associationc Inc PDF,559 kB
2314 Nelson Forests Ltd PDF,586 kB
2315 The New Zealand Merino Company PDF,779 kB
2316 New Zealand Association of Scientists PDF,130 kB
2317 New Zealand Farm Life Media Ltd PDF,141 kB
2318 New Zealand Planning Institute PDF,159 kB
2319 Fish & Game New Zealand PDF,2.9 MB
2320 New Zealand Plant Producers Inc PDF,216 kB
2321 New Zealand Avocado Growers Association Inc PDF,942 kB
2322 North Canterbury Rural Support Trust PDF,1.3 MB
2323 Ngati Kahungunu Iwi Inc PDF,2.1 MB
2323A Ngati Kahungunu Wairoa Taiwhenua Inc PDF,1.8 MB
2324 Acton Farmers Irrigation Co operative Ltd PDF,907 kB
2324A Acton Farmers Irrigation Co operative Ltd PDF,495 kB
2324B Acton Farmers Irrigation Co operative Ltd PDF,668 kB
2324C Acton Farmers Irrigation Co operative Ltd PDF,2.0 MB
2324D Acton Farmers Irrigation Co operative Ltd PDF,512 kB
2325 Federated Farmers of New Zealand PDF,77.0 kB
2325A Federated Farmers of New Zealand PDF,635 kB
2325B Federated Farmers of New Zealand PDF,423 kB
2325C Federated Farmers of New Zealand PDF,957 kB
2325D Federated Farmers of New Zealand PDF,328 kB
2326 Grafton Irrigation PDF,28.3 kB
2327 Lincoln Agritech PDF,584 kB
2328 Birchfield Coal Mines Ltd PDF,354 kB
2330 Maniototo Irrigation Company PDF,218 kB
2331 Blind River Irrigation Ltd PDF,578 kB
2332 NZ Rock Lobster Industry Council Ltd PDF,865 kB
2333 Inchbonnie Hydro PDF,1.1 MB
2334 Oceana Gold Ltd PDF,81.5 kB
2334A Oceana Gold Ltd PDF,229 kB
2334B Oceana Gold Ltd PDF,837 kB
2334C Oceana Gold Ltd PDF,479 kB
2334D Oceana Gold Ltd PDF,194 kB
2334E Oceana Gold Ltd PDF,727 kB
2334F Oceana Gold Ltd PDF,352 kB
2334G Oceana Gold Ltd PDF,1.6 MB
2334H Oceana Gold Ltd PDF,145 kB
2334I Oceana Gold Ltd PDF,202 kB
2335 Otago South River Care PDF,270 kB
2336 Fish and Game New Zealand PDF,145 kB
2338 Palmerston North City Council PDF,131 kB
2339 Northern Manawatu Farmers PDF,431 kB
2340 Onions New Zealand PDF,291 kB
2341 Opuha Water Ltd PDF,300 kB
2342 PGG Wrightson Seeds PDF,209 kB
2343 Opawaho Heathcote River Network PDF,321 kB
2344 Oji Fibre Solutions Nz Ltd PDF,247 kB
2345 Our Climate Declaration & Zero Carbon Nelson Tasman PDF,606 kB
2346 Oceania Dairy Ltd PDF,37.0 kB
2346A Oceania Dairy Ltd PDF,515 kB
2347 Open Country Dairy Ltd PDF,349 kB
2348 PF Olsen Ltd PDF,910 kB
2349 The Opuke Kahui Ako PDF,162 kB
2350 Parkvale Catchment Landowners PDF,3.8 MB
2352 Pomahaka Watercare Group PDF,934 kB
2353 Gisbourne & Wairoa Deer Farmers Association PDF,56.7 kB
2354 Pukekohe Vegetable Growers Association PDF,439 kB
2355 Pioneer Energy PDF,98.6 kB
2356 New Zealand Institute for Plant and Food Research Ltd PDF,241 kB
2357 Queenstown Lakes District Council PDF,1.1 MB
2358 Rangitane o Tamaki Nui a Rua Inc PDF,499 kB
2360 Polson Higgs Wealth Management Ltd PDF,94.3 kB
2361 Rabobank PDF,264 kB
2362 Qurom Sense PDF,257 kB
2363 Potatoes New Zealand PDF,1.5 MB
2364 Rangitata Diversion Race Management Ltd PDF,401 kB
2367 Regional Public Health PDF,746 kB
2368 New Zealand Recreation Association PDF,234 kB
2369 Ruapehu District Council PDF,302 kB
2370 AgFirst NZ PDF,163 kB
2371 Tararua District Council PDF,248 kB
2372 Rotoma No.1 Inc PDF,339 kB
2373 ACRE Group PDF,923 kB
2375 Ravensdown Ltd PDF,1.6 MB
2376 Environment and Conservation Organisations of NZ Inc PDF,1.3 MB
2378 Rangitikei District Council PDF,221 kB
2382 Seed Industry Office PDF,180 kB
2383 T & G Global Ltd PDF,351 kB
2384 The Proprietors of Tahake 8C & Adjoining Blocks Inc PDF,165 kB
2386 The Tatua Co-operative Dairy Company Ltd PDF,442 kB
2387 South Taranaki District Council PDF,392 kB
2388 Taharua Stakeholder Group PDF,222 kB
2390 Taranaki Rural Support Trust PDF,560 kB
2392 Federated Farmers NZ PDF,439 kB
2393 South Otago Advance Party Group PDF,752 kB
2394 Ski Areas Association of New Zealand PDF,782 kB
2395 TaTa Valley Ltd PDF,802 kB
2396 Southland Fish & Game Council PDF,1.7 MB
240 Napier Freshwater Anglers' Club Incorp PDF,132 kB
2400 Taranaki Fish & Game Council PDF,155 kB
2402 Upper Waiau Independant Irrigators Group PDF,305 kB
2403 Te Ngaru Roa ā Maui PDF,196 kB
2405 Waiau Fisheries and Wildlife Habitat Enhancement Trust PDF,374 kB
2406 Three River Catchment Conservation Trust PDF,408 kB
2407 Upper Rangitikei River Catchment Group PDF,231 kB
2408 Tūwharetoa Māori Trust Board PDF,364 kB
2409 Environs Holdings PDF,209 kB
2410 The Water and Wildlife Habitat Trust PDF,864 kB
2411 Ngāi Te Rangi Iwi PDF,508 kB
2412 Upper Taieri Water Management Group PDF,274 kB
2414 The Surveying Company PDF,409 kB
2415 Te Rūnanga o NGĀI TAHU PDF,513 kB
2416 Timberlands Limited PDF,1.2 MB
2418 Whakatāne District Council PDF,200 kB
2419 Waitomo District Council PDF,466 kB
242 Royal Forest and Bird Protection Society Nelson & Tasman PDF,108 kB
2420 Wanaka Catchment Group PDF,338 kB
2421 Waipa District Council PDF,333 kB
2422 Whitewater New Zealand Incorporated PDF,1.2 MB
2423 Whanganui District Council PDF,366 kB
2424 Wellington Water Ltd PDF,770 kB
2425 Waitaki District Council PDF,735 kB
2426 Whanganui Federated Farmers PDF,439 kB
2427 Wellington City Council PDF,498 kB
2428 Wise Repsonse PDF,362 kB
2429 Marlborough Winegrowers Association Incorporated PDF,2.1 MB
243 Tinui Volunteer Rural Fire Force PDF,31.4 kB
2430 Waitaki Irrigators Collective Ltd PDF,443 kB
2431 Wendonside Catchment Group Incorporated Society PDF,690 kB
2432 Waikato Regional Irrigators Inc. PDF,212 kB
2433 Waihi Pukawa Ahu Whenua Trust PDF,206 kB
2434 Waimatuku Catchment Committee PDF,285 kB
2435 Waimea Irrigators Limited PDF,267 kB
2436 Waikawa River Catchment Group PDF,228 kB
2437 Waimakariri Irrigation Ltd PDF,614 kB
2438 Tauranga City Council PDF,3.7 MB
2440 Survey and Spatial New Zealand PDF,79.0 kB
2441 Stop Auckland Sewage Overflows Coalition PDF,72.1 kB
2443 Tuaropaki Trust PDF,369 kB
2444 NZ Airports Association PDF,258 kB
2445 Rangitata South Irrigation Limited PDF,899 kB
2445A Rangitata South Irrigation Limited PDF,495 kB
2445B Rangitata South Irrigation Limited PDF,512 kB
2445C Rangitata South Irrigation Limited PDF,2.0 MB
2445D Rangitata South Irrigation Limited PDF,668 kB
2448 South Waikato District Council PDF,390 kB
2448A South Waikato District Council PDF,1.0 MB
2448B South Waikato District Council PDF,2.9 MB
2448C South Waikato District Council PDF,617 kB
2449 Synlait Milk Ltd PDF,88.9 kB
2449A Synlait Milk Ltd PDF,116 kB
2449B Synlait Milk Ltd PDF,59.3 kB
2450 Te Arawa Lakes Trust PDF,192 kB
2450A Te Arawa Lakes Trust PDF,147 kB
2451 Te Kotahitanga O Te Atiawa Taranaki PDF,96.3 kB
2451A Te Kotahitanga O Te Atiawa Taranaki PDF,129 kB
2452 The Catalyst Group and Perception Planning Ltd PDF,592 kB
2452A The Catalyst Group and Perception Planning Ltd PDF,1.1 MB
2452B The Catalyst Group and Perception Planning Ltd PDF,1.3 MB
2452C The Catalyst Group and Perception Planning Ltd PDF,128 kB
2452D The Catalyst Group and Perception Planning Ltd PDF,141 kB
2453 Wairapa Water Ltd PDF,237 kB
2453A Wairapa Economic Development Strategy PDF,560 kB
2454 Wakatu Inc PDF,216 kB
2454A Wakatu Inc PDF,210 kB
2455 Straterra and the Aggregate and the Quarry Association PDF,203 kB
2455A Straterra and the Aggregate and the Quarry Association PDF,231 kB
2458 Te Runanga O Ngati Ruanui Trust PDF,1.5 MB
2459 Wainuioru Community River Care Group PDF,1.3 MB
2459A Wainuioru Community River Care Group PDF,4.1 MB
2459B Wainuioru Community River Care Group PDF,1.7 MB
2459C Wainuioru Community River Care Group PDF,3.5 MB
2460 Awatere Water Users Group PDF,279 kB
2460A Awatere Water Users Group PDF,1.2 MB
2461 Te Awarua-o-Porirua Harbour and Catchment Community Trust PDF,1.9 MB
2462 Ngati Pikiao Environmental Society and Ngati Pikiao Iwi Trust PDF,334 kB
2463 Rotorua Lakes Council PDF,647 kB
2463A Rotorua Lakes Council PDF,359 kB
2464 Wellington Fish and Game Council PDF,1.5 MB
2466 Bay of Plenty Regional Council PDF,4.0 MB
2467 Opotiki District Council PDF,118 kB
2469 Environmental Defence Society PDF,463 kB
2469A Environmental Defence Society PDF,4.5 MB
2470 Stratford District Council PDF,663 kB
2471 Waste Management NZ Ltd PDF,4.4 MB
2472 Maori Kiwifruit PDF,241 kB
2473 Greenpeace PDF,826 kB
2474 Meridian PDF,711 kB
2474A Meridian PDF,3.5 MB
2474B Meridian PDF,1.8 MB
2474C Meridian PDF,260 kB
2474D Meridian PDF,2.9 MB
2474E Meridian PDF,2.2 MB
2474F Meridian PDF,4.7 MB
2474G Meridian PDF,3.1 MB
2474H Meridian PDF,3.9 MB
2475 Ngati Rangi Nga Waihua O Paerangi PDF,827 kB
2476 Horowhenua District Council PDF,883 kB
2478 Porirua City Council PDF,287 kB
2479 Te Runanga O Moeraki PDF,103 kB
2483 Te Kotahitanga o Ngati Tuwharetoa PDF,862 kB
2483A Te Kotahitanga o Ngati Tuwharetoa PDF,370 kB
2484 Mackenzie District Council PDF,601 kB
2485 Stark Environmental PDF,417 kB
2486 Central Plains Water Limited PDF,456 kB
2486A Seaton Farming Ltd PDF,5.0 MB
2486B Seaton Farming Ltd PDF,347 kB
2486C Seaton Farming Ltd PDF,1.4 MB
2486D Seaton Farming Ltd PDF,257 kB
256 Waimate Rod and Gun Club PDF,27.5 kB
2654 Raynbird Film Productions PDF,232 kB
2724 Lock Agri Ltd PDF,432 kB
273 Pareora Catchment Society Incorporated PDF,138 kB
280 Fight the Tip Tiaki te whenua Inc PDF,37.4 kB
2837 Waituna Investments Ltd PDF,590 kB
2859 FOAM PDF,878 kB
288 DOVES PDF,33.1 kB
2880 Kanuka Mid Canterbury Regeneration Trust PDF,3.4 MB
289 Bay Conservation Alliance PDF,40.4 kB
2906 Wareing Group Ltd PDF,236 kB
2924 Wareing Group Ltd PDF,236 kB
2942 The New Zealand Refining Company Ltd PDF,5.2 MB
2958 Waikato Regional Council - Burklee Limited PDF,1.6 MB
2994 Choose Clean Water PDF,1.0 MB
3034 South Canterbury Anglers Club PDF,3.6 MB
3034A South Canterbury Anglers Club PDF,71.6 kB
3045 Auckland University Canoe Club Inc. PDF,396 kB
3095 Federated Mountain Clubs PDF,70.3 kB
3122 Styx Living Laboratory Trust PDF,211 kB
3124 Whangara Farms PDF,154 kB
3138 Wairarapa Water User's Inc. Soc. PDF,288 kB
3152 Rural Equities Limited PDF,123 kB
3173 Pernod Ricard Winemakers New Zealand Limited PDF,583 kB
3183 Choose Clean Water PDF,1.5 MB
3198 Villa Maria PDF,3.5 MB
3212 Matamata Ag Centre Ltd PDF,235 kB
3224 Maniapoto Maori Trust Board PDF,605 kB
3225 Etham Timber & Supplies Ltd PDF,231 kB
3238 Citizens Environmental Advocacy Centre PDF,718 kB
3243 Upper Clutha Lakes Trust PDF,97.7 kB
3253 Element IMF PDF,159 kB
3277 Nomura & Co Ltd PDF,1.4 MB
3285 Pynewood Farm Ltd PDF,439 kB
3286 Joint Submission (Bay of Plenty Region Local Authorities PDF,924 kB
329 Auckland Business Chamber PDF,184 kB
3306 Rayonier New Zealand Ltd PDF,644 kB
333 Chatham Islands Council PDF,1.4 MB
3332 Go Eco PDF,277 kB
3366 Waikato Lower Catchment Committee PDF,698 kB
3387 Top of the South Rural Support Trust PDF,1.3 MB
3387A Top of the South Rural Support Trust PDF,1.3 MB
3394 Townshend Group PDF,326 kB
3424 Craigmore Sustainables PDF,791 kB
3425 Hill Country Farmers Group PDF,1.4 MB
3445 Project Rerewhakaaitu Inc PDF,1.0 MB
3456 J Swap Contractors Ltd PDF,187 kB
3494 Taranaki Veterinary Centre PDF,170 kB
3553 Southern Field Days PDF,46.5 kB
359 Friends of the Maitai PDF,48.4 kB
3609 High Country Accord Trust PDF,731 kB
3654 BioAgriNomics Ltd PDF,498 kB
3697 Ngai Tukairangi Trust PDF,448 kB
3710 Roslin Consultancy Ltd PDF,348 kB
3713 Central Otago Winegrowers Association PDF,213 kB
3726 COES PDF,232 kB
373 Lake Tarawera Ratepayers Association PDF,29.0 kB
3773 Mangamingi Community Trust PDF,557 kB
3790 Ag Proud NZ - NZ Charitable Trust PDF,488 kB
3832 Southern Generation Ltd Partnership PDF,477 kB
3840 CEAC PDF,742 kB
3842 Ngati Makino PDF,1.9 MB
3844 Whanganui Federated Farmers PDF,152 kB
3859 Whangaehu Mangawhero Rivers Catchment Group PDF,115 kB
3872 One Mile Moss PDF,4.9 MB
3878 Barrhill Chertsey Irrigation Ltd PDF,4.1 MB
3894 Shand Thomson Chartered Accountants PDF,343 kB
3899 Inchbonniehydro PDF,1.1 MB
39 Maintenanceking PDF,24.0 kB
3916 Maniototo Eastside Irrigation CompanyLtd PDF,589 kB
3929 Shaping Our Future Inc PDF,477 kB
3929A Shaping Our Future Inc PDF,592 kB
3929B Shaping Our Future Inc PDF,2.1 MB
3934 Miro Ltd Partnership PDF,317 kB
3939 West Coast Regional Council PDF,3.1 MB
3965 Besgrow PDF,1.2 MB
422 AM2 and Associates PDF,49.1 kB
427 Amuri Range Wilding Tree Trust PDF,35.3 kB
465 Foundation for Arable Research PDF,28.0 kB
465A Foundation for Arable Research PDF,422 kB
471 Trelissick Park Group PDF,114 kB
475 Citizens Environmental Advocacy Centre Incorporated PDF,753 kB
476 Christchurch City Council PDF,1.0 MB
495 Bauer GmbH Australia Ltd PDF,260 kB
512 Te Kihi Trust PDF,517 kB
530 The Isaac Conservation and Wildlife Trust PDF,34.1 kB
54 Hokotehi Moriori Trust PDF,27.7 kB
543 Constellation Brands New Zealand Ltd PDF,32.0 kB
544 New Zealand Agricultural Aviation Association PDF,43.4 kB
544A New Zealand Agricultural Aviation Association PDF,631 kB
554 Invercargill City Council PDF,49.5 kB
563 Ngati Tahu-Ngati Whaoa Runanga Trust PDF,41.5 kB
563A Ngati Tahu-Ngati Whaoa Runanga Trust PDF,513 kB
595 Environment Canterbury Regional Council PDF,3.8 MB
633 Ashburton Powdercoating Limited PDF,27.2 kB
640 Norwest Seed Ltd PDF,194 kB
643 Eel Enhancement Company Ltd PDF,37.8 kB
658 Te Arawa River Iwi Trust PDF,27.6 kB
658A Te Arawa River Iwi Trust PDF,114 kB
661 Land and Water Science Ltd PDF,30.1 kB
661A Land and Water Science Ltd PDF,1.5 MB
663 Zest Biotech PDF,28.4 kB
663A Zest Biotech PDF,154 kB
665 Auckland Business Chamber PDF,184 kB
670 Herdhomes Systems Ltd PDF,42.4 kB
681 Negawatt Resources Ltd PDF,28.9 kB
688 Tainui o Tainui PDF,209 kB
689 Ngati Tahu-Ngati Whaoa PDF,511 kB
699 NZ Waterways Restoration PDF,42.4 kB
705 New Zealand Dairy Products PDF,26.8 kB
758 Quin Environmentals NZ Ltd PDF,71.3 kB
758A Quin Environmentals NZ Ltd & Eurofins NZ Ltd PDF,463 kB
758B Article Quin Environmentals PDF,647 kB
758C Article Quin Environmentals PDF,1.3 MB
769 Engineering Repairs Ltd PDF,26.8 kB
777 Healthy Families East Cape PDF,31.9 kB
789 Ngati Ira Hapu PDF,257 kB
789A Bay Blue Enterprises Ltd PDF,465 kB
789B Bay Blue Enterprises Ltd PDF,104 kB
790 Farmers for Positive Change PDF,148 kB
791 Southland Conservation Board PDF,26.4 kB
795 Ngati Pikiao PDF,135 kB
798 Ara Hikoi Aoteroa PDF,328 kB
799 NZ Groundspread Fertilisers Association PDF,164 kB
802 Climate Justice Taranaki PDF,283 kB
803 Norwest Seed Ltd PDF,28.2 kB
803A Norwest Seed Ltd PDF,194 kB
807 Gifford Consulting PDF,1.6 MB
808 Joint Statement PDF,3.7 MB
812 South Pacific Seeds New Zealand Ltd PDF,37.4 kB
815 Woldwide Dairy Group PDF,25.7 kB
835 Save Our Hills Upper Hutt Inc PDF,1.3 MB
845 Whangarei District Council PDF,27.4 kB
845A Whangarei District Council PDF,84.4 kB
845B Whangarei District Council PDF,88.9 kB
858 Seed Force Ltd PDF,40.9 kB
864 Wairarapa Chamber of Commerce Inc PDF,29.2 kB
884 Clutha Development Incorporated PDF,27.9 kB
884A Clutha Development Incorporated PDF,148 kB
954 Environmental Impacts Assessment Ltd PDF,110 kB
960 Avon-Heathcote Estuary Trust PDF,435 kB
964 Eastland Generation PDF,361 kB
966 Nga Kaitiaki O Nga Wai Maori PDF,676 kB
970 COS Chartered Accountants PDF,248 kB
971 Taitokerau District Maori Council PDF,478 kB
973 Te Kano Estate PDF,27.1 kB
974 Fonterra PDF,566 kB
974A RC & SA Booth Farm Environment Plan PDF,4.5 MB
974B FEP Delivery Process Document PDF,307 kB
974C Fonterra Nitrogen Risk Scorecard PDF,2.7 MB
974D Fonterra attachment PDF,1.3 MB
974E Fonterra Attachment PDF,832 kB
974F Analysis of Purchased Nitrogen Surplus Proposal PDF,421 kB
977 Opihi Vineyard PDF,13.6 kB
979 Toi Te Ora Public Health PDF,239 kB
980 Waikato Conservation Board PDF,767 kB
981 Fertiliser Association PDF,504 kB
982 Te Runanga o Ngati Manawa PDF,295 kB
983 Waikato District Council PDF,168 kB
985 Te Kaahui o Rauru PDF,394 kB
990 Clutha Veterinary Association Inc PDF,29.9 kB
996 Lakes & Waterways Action Group Trust PDF,43.4 kB
998 Guardians of Lakes Manapouri, Monowai & Te Anau PDF,222 kB
999 Waimakariri District Council PDF,654 kB

Environment Aotearoa 2019

For data and findings on freshwater from the 2019 state of the environment report see Fresh water [StatsNZ website]

MfE reports

Essential freshwater: Impact of existing periphyton and proposed dissolved inorganic nitrogen bottom lines

A review of New Zealand studies into the cost of degradation of freshwater ecosystems

A review of integrated assessment frameworks for environmental management

Maps relating to proposals for excluding stock from waterways and reducing nitrogen loss [ArcGIS website]

Extent of proposed low-slope land areas where stock exclusion rules would apply (relevant to section 8.5 of the discussion document)

Map relating to option 1 for reducing nitrogen loss (relevant to section 8.4 of the discussion document

Map relating to option 3 for reducing nitrogen loss (relevant to section 8.4 of the discussion document

Consultant reports

Identification of high-risk agricultural activities: national mapping of the location, scale and extent of winter forage cropping and intensive grazing on hill country land

Sediment load reductions to meet suspended and deposited sediment thresholds

Deriving potential fine sediment attribute thresholds for the National Objectives Framework

Development of ecosystem health bottom-line thresholds for suspended and deposited sediment in New Zealand rivers and streams

Impact testing of proposed sediment attribute: identifying erosion and sediment control interventions to meet proposed sediment attribute bottom lines and the costs and benefits of those interventions

Modelling of mitigation strategies on farm profitability testing Ag package regulations on farm

Modelling the impact of freshwater mitigation scenarios: results for the Ruamahanga catchment

Impact of possible environmental policy interventions on case study farms

Agricultural production statistics: Area of brassica grown, farm count and data 2018

Consultation process

1. Why is the consultation period so short?

We know these issues are critically important to individuals and communities and we want to hear feedback from people through this consultation process. Environment Minister David Parker has heard the feedback from the first week of meetings, and has agreed to receive submissions for a further two week period past the 17 October deadline. This means submissions will be able to be provided up to 31 October.

It’s important to remember that submissions don’t have to be long and you don’t have to comment on every single part of the package. People can focus on the areas most important to them, or give us an overall comment.

2. What are the next steps after consultation?

Following consultation, all the submissions received are provided to an Independent Advisory Panel for review and they will provide advice to the Government by the end of the year. Work on analysing the impact of the proposals will continue. This will be provided to Ministers before they make final decisions. We expect Ministers to make final decisions early next year and for regulations to be in force by the middle of the year.

3. Why weren’t there any representatives of the primary sector on the freshwater advisory groups?

Members of the advisory groups were chosen for their expertise, not to represent specific sector or lobby groups. However, a number of members are farmers and/or involved in agri-business. Primary sector organisations were involved in the Land and Water Forum, which spent a decade working on these issues and provided a starting point for these proposals.

National Policy Statement for Freshwater Management

4. How can you take a one-size-fits all approach through a national policy statement when every catchment and every farm is different?

We recognise that every catchment and every farm is different. We know of hundreds of catchment groups and many thousands of farmers already taking action, but some farmers, land developers and urban infrastructure operators are lagging behind. Some catchments are improving but others are not.

The Freshwater National Policy Statement sets minimum standards for all waterways, to meet New Zealanders’ expectations. How those standards will be achieved locally will be determined through regional planning and collaboration on the ground, including catchment groups the Ministry for the Environment is already supporting, and through individual farm plans.


5. Why are rivers with hydro-electricity generation schemes excluded?

It is not correct that hydro-electricity generation schemes are excluded from the NPS-FM, or from requirements to maintain and improve water quality. Councils will still have to set targets for ecosystem health attributes in consultation with their communities that maintain or improve these rivers. The only difference is that, for six major hydro schemes, it is proposed that regional councils will have more flexibility to preserve their generation capacity, storage and operational flexibility by maintaining water quality below a national bottom line (if they choose to). Councils would have to improve these rivers and lakes to the extent possible without affecting renewable electricity generation, and can still control with activities like spraying and mulching lakeweed if this is appropriate. 

Storing water for generation means holding back some of a river's flow until it's needed. This can contribute to excess algal growth downstream that would otherwise be flushed away by higher flows. 

We are seeking feedback on whether this proposal effectively balances freshwater health needs and the need for renewable electricity generation to meet climate change obligations.

Proposed bottom lines for nutrients

6. How did you decide what the new nutrient limits should be? What’s the science behind them?

The Science and Technical Advisory Group (STAG) has provided advice about where the nutrient bottom lines should be set.

High nutrient levels (nitrogen and phosphorus) damage ecosystem health. Reducing nitrogen run-off has benefits not only for ecosystem health but can also reduce emissions of nitrous oxide, a greenhouse gas.

The current rules (in the current NPS-FM) already require limits on nitrogen – through limiting the growth of periphyton, or slime; limits on the level of nitrogen in lakes; and through rivers having to be better than the toxicity level of 6.9 milligrams per litre. In some regions, for example Canterbury, the regional council is already requiring farmers to take steps to reduce nitrogen loss to meet these limits.

However, the Science and Technical Advisory Group has recommended a new bottom line at a level of 1 milligram per litre, that would give freshwater ecosystems a better chance of supporting healthy populations of aquatic species and other life.

As a rough guide this means muddy/sandy bottom streams and rivers will have to meet the same kind of nitrogen reductions as stony bottomed streams.
Because these are hard decisions, the Government is seeking input from communities and more analysis of the impact of a new bottom line would be before making any decisions.

The Government is open to exploring a range of options.

The STAG is made up of 16 of New Zealand’s leading freshwater scientists from crown research institutes, universities and councils. Members are listed on the Ministry for the Environment website.

7. Where is the economic analysis of the impact of these new nutrient bottom lines?

We have done initial economic impact analysis on aspects of the package but know we need to do more before final decisions are taken. In particular we know we need to understand the impact of particular bottom lines on local communities and catchments.

It is impossible to finalise the impacts of the package without knowing what the final package is. In the meantime, there is a lot of interim analysis available in the discussion document. 

It is also important to note that how things impact communities will be determined by the timeframes for implementation of the new proposals. While some of these are specifically set in the proposals; others are for communities to determine through council planning processes (eg, particularly timeframes for giving effect to proposed nutrient bottom lines).

8. Are the proposed bottom lines fixed and uniform across the country?

We are open to feedback on any ideas for how to reduce nitrogen and improve ecosystem health, including how we reflect different conditions in different regions.

Stock exclusion from waterways

9. I’ve already fenced off my streams. Will these fences need to be moved? When?

The proposed requirements of the stock exclusion regulation would require fences to be moved to at least 5 metres on average from the stream bank over time. The setback is proposed because research shows that the wider the setback, the more effective it is in protecting waterways from sediment. Providing setbacks also protects spawning areas for fish and allows riparian planting to shade the waterbody.

The proposal is that farmers would have until:

  • 2025 to move existing fences that have less than a 2 metre average setback from the waterway.
  • 2035 to move existing fences that have more than a 2 metre average setback, as long as there is no point where there is less than 1 metre setback from the waterway.

10. Isn’t this going to cost a lot of money?

The evidence we have is that farmers have often found the costs of fencing are generally less than they thought, and the benefits are generally greater. Seventy-five per cent of farmers found no change in profit after excluding stock from waterways, 8 per cent saw increased profits and 17 per cent saw lower profits. Farm performance and environmental performance were both higher than expected (52 per cent and 65 per cent compared with their expectations of 20 per cent and 41 per cent). See Section 7.3 Management stock exclusion from waterways, in the 2017 Landcare Research Survey of Rural Decision Makers. 

11. What if fences are at risk of being carried away by flooding, or the land is too steep to fence?

We recognise there may need to be exemptions in some circumstances and we are seeking feedback on what these exemptions should be.

12. Does stock exclusion include sheep?

No. The proposals only apply to cattle, deer and pigs on flat to gently rolling country (low-slope land) and in other areas where the concentration of cattle or deer is similar to dairy stocking rates. We are seeking feedback on how to define low-slope land, and carrying capacity. See the information sheet for livestock farmers, or the Draft Stock Exclusion Section 360 Regulations for more detail.


13. How do I know if I’m doing the right things to protect waterways on my farm already? What practical steps can I take?

Good farming principles are a great place to start. There are three general principles:

  1. Identify the physical and biophysical characteristics of the farm system, assess the risk factors to water quality associated with the farm system, and manage appropriately.
  2. Maintain accurate and auditable records of annual farm inputs, outputs and management practices.
  3. Manage farming operations to minimise direct and indirect losses of sediment and nutrients to water, and maintain or enhance soil structure, where agronomically appropriate.

From a practical point of view, a Farm Environment Plan helps farmers recognise on-farm environmental risks and set out a programme to manage those risks. The plans are now recognised as good business practice, a visible indication of sustainable activity on farm.

14. What if I already have a farm plan?

Farmers with existing farm plans are on the right track. It may be that these plans need to be refined or adapted over time to meet new requirements. However, as far as possible we want to build on what farmers and industry groups already have in place.

15. Does this all have to be done in five years?

We are not expecting everything to be achieved in the next five years. There are some immediate steps to stop things getting worse that would start to be implemented from mid-2020.  However achieving healthy waterways, including measures such as the proposed new bottom line for nutrients, is expected to take decades. Regional councils would have to work with their communities to decide their targets and the timeframes for achieving them.

Here is a timeline for the current proposals.

From mid-2020 
  • Tighter restrictions on further intensification like new irrigation or conversion to dairying until regional councils have a freshwater management plan in place (due by 2025).
  • Intensive winter grazing of forage crops and sacrifice paddocks would have to  be managed to minimum standards; if not, a resource consent would be needed for the 2021 season, including if you want to plant large areas or crop steeper land.
  • Stock holding areas and feedlots would need a consent if animals are held there for more than 30 days a year or 10 days in a row, you would need to manage effluent and be 50m from a waterway.
  • Tight restrictions on draining or clearing a wetland, and on piping or infilling streams would come into effect.
By July 2021
  • Dairy cattle and pigs would need to be excluded from lakes, wetlands (identified in a regional or district plan) and rivers (more than one metre wide) on all land regardless of slope.
  • Beef cattle, dairy support and deer would need to be excluded from wetlands (identified in a regional or district plan) on all land regardless of slope.
  • All cattle and deer would need to be excluded from lakes and rivers (more than one metre wide) if they are break feeding or feeding on fodder crops, or irrigated pasture
  • Dairy support would need to be excluded from lakes and rivers (more than one metre wide) on low-slope land.
By mid-2022
  • Vegetable growers would need a freshwater module of a farm plan, signed off by a suitably qualified and experienced farm environment planner and audited.
  • Farmers with highly erodible land in the Kaipara Catchment would also need a freshwater module of a farm plan.
  • Farmers in specified high nitrogen catchments may need a freshwater module of a farm plan (option 3) or some may need a consent (option 1) showing how nitrogen discharges will be reduced, depending on final decisions after consultation. 
  • Larger water takes (20 litres per second or more) would need telemetry installed.  A telemetry requirement would roll out to extend to all takes over 5 litres per second over time.
By July 2023
  • All stock (beef cattle, dairy cattle, dairy support, deer and pigs) would need to be excluded from all wetlands, regardless of slope.
  • Beef cattle and deer would need to be excluded from lakes and rivers (more than one metre wide) on low-slope land.
  • Beef cattle, dairy support and deer would need to be excluded from lakes and rivers (more than one metre wide) on non-low-slope land that has a high potential carrying capacity.
By 2025
  • Existing stock exclusion fences that are less than two metres on average from the waterway (or less than one metre from the waterway at any point) would need to be moved back to at least five metres on average (and no less than one metre at any point).
  • Regional councils would need to have plans in place to improve freshwater ecosystem health, including setting objectives, targets and timeframes. These targets and timelines will be decided through the regional planning process.  The timelines may be long-term, in which case the council must set interim targets at intervals of ten years or less.
By end of 2025 All farmers and growers would need a freshwater module of a farm plan, signed off by a suitably qualified and experienced farm environment planner, except for:
  • Pastoral farms less than 20 hectares
  • Arable farms less than 20 hectares
  • Horticultural farms less than 5 hectares.
The farm plan would need to be audited after 2 years.

By 2026

All farmers and growers would need to report on water usage using telemetry, if using more than 5 litres per second.
From 2026 All regional councils will need to be implementing their regional plans.  The impact will depend on the region’s targets for water quality, and the timelines for achieving them, with the timelines expected to extend over decades.    
By 2035 Existing stock exclusion fences that are more than two metres on average from the waterway but less than five metres on average, would have to be moved back to provide at least a five metre setback on average across the farm, with no less than one metre at any point (or an exemption granted).

16. What is the plan for Action Plans? Where is the guidance, consistency and accountability for success?

Regional councils would be required to prepare Action Plans for specific attributes or indicators of freshwater health under the draft NPS-FM.  These are different to the overall freshwater plan the council will be required to have by 2025.

Action Plans would be required for the attributes listed in Appendix 2B of the draft Freshwater NPS:  fish (rivers-wadeable), macroinvertebrates, E. coli, lake submerged plants (macrophytes), deposited fine sediment, dissolved oxygen and ecosystem metabolism.

Action Plans would be required where the attribute demands a tailored response. For example, for at swimming sites, councils would be required to set a target attribute state, and then draft an Action Plan that identifies the sources of the E. coli contamination, and methods to address those sources depending on local circumstances. These methods could include addressing sewage overflows, and stock management around farm drains for example.

We anticipate providing guidance to regional councils on action planning.

Regional councils would have to publish their Action Plan and report annually on progress, which would enable the community to hold them to account.

17. Why is forestry exempt from wetland protection?

Forestry is not exempt from wetland protection.

The National Environmental Standard for Plantation Forestry currently regulates the way some plantation forestry activities may be carried out. This will be reviewed after decisions are made on proposals in the Freshwater package to ensure consistency, for example, in size of wetlands definitions.

18. Wetland monitoring only applies to new consents, what about all the other wetlands?

Standard wetland monitoring obligations would be inserted into new consents under Cl 5(1) of the proposed National Environmental Standards for Freshwater. This is intended to ensure that new consents would contain appropriate monitoring conditions.

This should be read alongside Cl 3.15(9) of the draft National Policy Statement for Freshwater Management, which would also require regional councils to monitor the condition of all wetlands (including those not subject to the above consent conditions) and have methods to respond when degradation is detected.

19. Wetland protection is proposed for areas bigger than 500sqm. What about smaller wetlands?

All wetlands would be protected under Cl 4 to 17 of the proposed National Environmental Standards for Freshwater, and Cl 3.15 of the proposed National Policy Statement for Freshwater Management, regardless of size. The size of the wetland is only relevant for mapping requirements under 3.15(5)(a).

20. Given the serious impacts of winter grazing, why are proposals allowing such big areas with small setbacks?

Intensive winter grazing can have serious impact on the health of our waterways and on animal welfare. We are consulting on a range of options for setback size and area threshold. Option 1 of the package proposes setbacks of either 5 metres or 20 metres. A 5 meter setback is supported by data that shows this distance is an effective buffer between stock and water bodies. 

We welcome your feedback on the ideal setbacks for intensive winter grazing.

21. What about contamination from birds?

In deciding what level of water quality to aim for and how to get there, regional councils must factor in all possible sources of contamination. This may include large bird populations that impact on recreational swimming areas.   

22. Is there any support for the proposals to be implemented?

The Government acknowledges this is an important package of changes and has provided funding in this year’s Budget to support land owners, councils and iwi/Maori to implement these changes. This includes things like developing good practice guidance for farmers; developing IT systems, tools and templates to support a farm planning regime; and learning off existing industry models. We are also seeking feedback through the discussion document on how the costs for introducing farm plans could best be met.

23. What about existing council plans and the transition to new requirements?

Different regions are at different points in their implementation of the existing Freshwater NPS. The proposals that are out for consultation build on these existing requirements.

If implemented, they would require a step-up in some places to achieve freshwater quality targets. Councils would need to assess the changes and upgrade their plans where necessary by 2025. Work already done on plans, including plan changes currently being considered, is relevant and would be built on.

We held information sessions around New Zealand to discuss these and other proposals we are consulting on. Together the proposals will help us protect our environment and address the issues raised in Environment Aotearoa 2019.

Regional hui for iwi/Māori 

Primary sector timetable 

Public meeting timetable - see the meetings we held.